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Historically Black Colleges and Universities

What is a HBCU?

Historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) are institutions of higher education in the United States that were established before 1964 with the intention of serving the black community, but not limited to the black community.

There are 105 historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) in the United States today, including public and private, two-year and four-year institutions, medical schools and community colleges. All are or were in the former slave states and territories of the U.S. except for Central State University (Ohio), Cheyney University of Pennsylvania, Lewis College of Business (Detroit, Michigan), Lincoln University (Pennsylvania), Wilberforce University (Ohio), and now-defunct Western University (Kansas). Of the 105 HBCU institutions in America today, 27 offer doctoral programs and 52 provide graduate degree programs at the Master's level. At the undergraduate level, 83 of the HBCUs offer a Bachelor's degree program and 38 of these schools offer associate degrees.

Racial Diversity at HBCUs

As colleges work harder to maintain enrollment levels and because of increased racial harmony and the low cost of tuition, the percentage of non-African American enrollment has tended to climb. The following table highlights HBCUs with high non-African American enrollments:

College name Percent African American Percent White Caucasian
Bluefield State College 13% for 2009–10 school year 75% for 2010–11 school year
West Virginia State University 17% for 2010-2011 72% for 2010–11 school year
Kentucky State University 64% for 2010–11 school year 34% for 2010–11 school year
Delaware State University 70% for 2010–11 school year 25% for 2010–11 school year
Lincoln University (Pennsylvania) 79% for 2010–11 school year 18% for 2010–11 school year
University of the District of Columbia 74% for 2010–11 school year 17% for 2010–11 school year
Elizabeth City State University 81% for 2010–11 school year 17% for 2010–11 school year
Fayetteville State University 78% for 2010-11 school year 16% for 2010–11 school year
Winston Salem State University 81% for 2010–11 school year 16% for 2010–11 school year
Xavier University of Louisiana 74% for 2010–11 school year 13% for 2010–11 school year
Alabama A&M University
Alabama State University
Bishop State Community College
Concordia College Selma
Miles College
Oakwood College
Stillman College
Talladega College

Tuskegee University



Arkansas Baptist College
Philander Smith College
University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff



Charles Drew University of Medicine & Science  



Delaware State University  



Howard University
University of the District of Columbia



Bethune-Cookman University
Edward Waters College
Florida A&M University
Florida Memorial University



Albany State University
Clark Atlanta University
Fort Valley State University
Morehouse College
Morris Brown College
Paine College
Savannah State University
Spelman College



Kentucky State University  



Dillard University
Grambling State University
Southern University and A&M College
Xavier University of Louisiana



Bowie State University
Coppin State University
Morgan State University
University of Maryland, Eastern Shore



Alcorn State University
Coahoma Community College
Jackson State University
Mississippi Valley State University
Rust College
Tougaloo College



Harris-Stowe State University
Lincoln University of Missouri



Barber-Scotia College
Bennett College
Elizabeth City State University
Fayetteville State University
Johnson C. Smith University
Livingstone College
North Carolina A&T State University
North Carolina Central University
St. Augustine's College
Shaw University
Winston Salem State University



Central State University
Wilberforce University



Langston University  



Cheyney University of Pennsylvania
Lincoln University



Allen University
Benedict College
Claflin University
Clinton Junior College
Denmark Technical College
Morris College
South Carolina State University
Voorhees College



Fisk University
Knoxville College
Lane College
LeMoyne-Owen College
Meharry Medical College
Tennessee State University



Huston-Tillotson University
Jarvis Christian College
Paul Quinn College
Prairie View A&M University
Texas College
Texas Southern University
Wiley College



Hampton University
Norfolk State University
Saint Paul's College
Virginia State University
Virginia Union University



Bluefield State College
West Virginia State University